When we think of different types of hunting it’s usually fox hunting that first springs to mind. That may be one of the things that the English countryside is most famous for, but it’s not the only form of hunting that’s popular in rural areas. Bird hunting is also on the increase as a rural sport. Read on for some background information on bird hunting, in particular, game bird hunting and waterfowl hunting. These are two of the main types of bird hunting in the UK.
What is Bird Hunting?Bird hunting involves shooting game birds. It is mostly done for sport purposes, although some birds are hunted for food as well. According to UK law, the following birds are classed as game birds:
- Black grouse
- Red grouse
- Grey partridge
- Common pheasant
Which Birds are Waterfowl?Waterfowl hunting is also popular in the UK, and involves shooting wild ducks and geese. Under the 1981 Wild and Countryside Act, only certain types of bird can be legally hunted, and these include mallards (a wild duck found throughout the Northern hemisphere), tufted duck, Canada geese, teals (a small freshwater duck), wigeons (a type of duck originating from North America), White-fronted geese, Greylag geese and Pink-footed geese.
Regulating Game Bird HuntingThe Game Act (1831) created a close season in which it is illegal to shoot game birds, in a bid to at least partially protect them. This was put in place to protect the birds during the breeding season, so that their numbers remain at a relatively constant level. The Game Act introduced game licenses that are required to hunt game birds, and also brought gamekeepers into the equation.
The Game Act is still in operation today, and covers the following game birds:
- Red Grouse - whose open season is 12th August to 10th December
- Black Grouse - whose open season is 20th August to 10th December
- Pheasants - whose open season is 1st October to 1st February
- Partridges - whose open season is 1st September to 1st February
Regulating Waterfowl HuntingFor waterfowl hunting, a license is needed to legally hunt. There are also limits to how many birds you can shoot per day (known as bag limits) and how many birds you can possess in total (known as possession limits). This is to protect the numbers of birds, and often varies according to the bird in question.
The British Association for Shooting and Conservation (BASC) regulates waterfowl hunting. They oversee hunting at local levels, as well as national and European levels.